Research about Mindfullness

माईंडफुलनेस और माईंडफुलनेस थेरपी का असर क्या दिखाई देता है इसपर बहोत संशोधन पुरी दुनिया मे हो रहा है/ यहा ऐसे कुछः संशोधन का सारांश और लिंक्स है मानसिक तनाव माईंडफुलनेस के अभ्यास से कम होता है

परीक्षा के समय तनाव कम होता है

Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for Academic Evaluation Anxiety: A Naturalistic Longitudinal Study Ingrid Dundas,Torbjørn Thorsheim,Aslak Hjeltnes &Per Einar Binder

काम करते समय वर्कर्स की गलतीया कम होती है

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on employees’ mental health: A systematic review :- Math Janssen ,Yvonne Heerkens,Wietske Kuijer,Beatrice van der Heijden, Josephine Engels

उपचार का तनाव कम होता है

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction as a Stress Management Intervention for Cancer Care A Systematic Review :- Sarah E. Rush, PhD, CHES1 and Manoj Sharma, MBBS, MCHES, PhD, FAAHB2

Mindfulness‐based stress reduction for women diagnosed with breast cancer

Cochrane Systematic Review - Intervention - Protocol Version published: 12 February 2015

हार्ट डिसीज का तनाव कम होता है

Mindfulness meditation, anxiety reduction and heart disease. Fam Community Health. 2003;21:25–33. Google Scholar, Crossref, ISI

तनाव के कारण खून मे बढनेवाली शक्कर कम होती है

Mindfulness-based stress reduction is associated with improved glycaemia control in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a pilot study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2007;13:36–38. Google Scholar, Medline, ISI

कर्करोगका तनाव कम होता है

A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med. 2000;62:613–622. Google Scholar, Crossref, Medline, ISI

स्वस्थ व्यक्ती पर आनेवाला तनाव कम होता है

Chiesa, A, Serretti, A. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15:593–600. Google Scholar, Crossref, Medline, ISI

थकान कम होती है,स्वास्थ्य अच्छा होता है

 A mindfulness course decreases burnout and improves well-being among healthcare providers. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2012;43:119–128. Google Scholar, SAGE Journals, ISI

शिक्षा के दौरान आनेवाला तनाव कम होता है

 Mindfulness training for stress management: a randomised controlled study of medical and psychology students. BMC Med Educ. 2013;13:107. Google Scholar, Crossref, Medline, ISI

इंटरनेट से माईंडफुलनेस की प्रॅक्टीस करनेसेभी तनाव कम होता है

Mindfulness online: an evaluation of the feasibility of a web-based mindfulness course for stress, anxiety and depression. BMJ Open. 2013;3(11):e003498. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003498. Google Scholar, Crossref, Medline, ISI

माईंडफुलनेस थेरपीसे चिंतारोग कम होता है

Toneatto T, Nguyen L. Does mindfulness meditation improve anxiety and mood symptoms? A review of the controlled research. La Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie. 2007;52:260–266. [PubMed]

Tacon A, McComb JJ, Randolph P, Caldera Y. Mindfulness meditation, anxiety reduction, and heart disease: A pilot study. Family Community Health. 2003;26:25–33. [PubMed]

Surawy C, Roberts J, Silver A. The effect of mindfulness training on mood and measures of fatigue, activity, and quality of life in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome on a hospital waiting list: A series of exploratory studies. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2005;33:103–109.

Smits AJ, Hofmann SG. A meta-analytic review of the effects of psychotherapy control conditions for anxiety disorders. Psychological Medicine. 2009;39:229–239. 

Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Meditation for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Effects on Anxiety and Stress Reactivity :- Elizabeth A. Hoge, M.D., Eric Bui, M.D., Luana Marques, PhD, Christina A. Metcalf, B.A., Laura K. Morris, B.A.,Donald J. Robinaugh, M.A, John J. Worthington, M.D., Mark H. Pollack, M.D.,2 and Naomi M. Simon, M.D.

Experimental Biology 2018. "Even a single mindfulness meditation session can reduce anxiety: People with anxiety show reduced stress on the arteries after 1-hour introductory session." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 April 2018. .

अजनबी लोगोसे मिलने समय आनेवाली चिंता,नियमित चिंता ,भय का दौरा ऐसे क्लेश होनेवाले 91 लोगोके दो समूह करके एक समूह को इंटरनेटपर माईंडफुलनेस के ओडीओ सुनाकर प्रशिक्षण दिया गया.दुसरे समूह को इंटरनेट पेही विचारविमर्श मंच पे सहभागी किया गया.छह मास के बाद दोनो समूह तुलना कियी गयी तो माईंडफुलनेस ट्रेनिंग के समूह मे अधिक लाभ दिखाई दिये

Internet-Based Mindfulness Treatment for Anxiety Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial Ninety-one participants diagnosed with social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or anxiety disorder not otherwise specified were randomly assigned to a mindfulness treatment group (MTG) or to an online discussion forum control group (CG). Mindfulness treatment consisted of 96 audio files with instructions for various mindfulness meditation exercises. Primary and secondary outcome measures were assessed at pre-, post treatment, and at 6-months follow-up.

Participants of the mindfulness treatment group showed a larger decrease of symptoms of anxiety, depression, and insomnia from pre- to post assessment than participants of the control group

Hofmann S, Sawyer A, Witt A, Oh D. The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2010;78(2):169–183. doi: 10.1037/a0018555.

माईंडफुलनेस थेरपी ओसीडी मे लाभदायी है

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder – A qualitative study on patients’ experiences :- Elisabeth Hertenstein, Nina Rose, Ulrich Voderholzer, Thomas Heidenreich, Christoph Nissen, Nicola Thiel,Nirmal Herbst, and Anne Katrin Külz

Mindfulness-based interventions in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Mechanisms of action and presentation of a pilot study :- Gasnier M, Pelissolo A, Bondolfi G, Pelissolo S, Tomba M, Mallet L, N'diaye K.

माईंडफुलनेस से रिकरन्ट डिप्रेशन कम होता है

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy compared with maintenance antidepressant treatment in the prevention of depressive relapse or recurrence (PREVENT): a randominsed controlled trial.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a treatment for chronic depression: A study Thorsten Barnhofer,∗ Catherine Crane, Emily Hargus, Myanthi Amarasinghe,1 Rosie Winder, and J. Mark G. William

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a treatment for chronic depression: A study Author links open overlay panelThorstenBarnhoferCatherineCraneEmilyHargusMyanthiAmarasinghe1RosieWinderJ. Mark G.Williams

MBCT consists of 8 weekly sessions that, like MBSR, teach body-scan and formal meditation to participants who are required to complete daily homework assignments between sessions. Initial studies have suggested that MBCT helps prevent future episodes of depression among people with three or more previous episodes of depression (Teasdale et al., 2000; Ma & Teasdale, 2004).

Segal and colleagues studied 84 people in remission and found that MBCT could help prevent recurring depressive episodes as well as medication and better than placebo (JAMA Psychiatry, 2010). A review Madhav Goyal, MD, of The Johns Hopkins University 

Evidence also suggests that MBCT may be of more help to patients most vulnerable to relapse: People with a greater number of prior episodes or who had residual depressive symptoms. In a 2011 meta-analysis by Jacob Piet, PhD, and Esben Hougaard, PhD, of the University of Aarhus in Denmark in Clinical Psychology Review, MBCT was more effective in preventing relapse among people with three or more episodes, reducing risk by 43 percent versus 34 percent for participants overall.

Williams and colleagues found that participants who had depression at earlier ages, or who had more adversity or abuse in childhood, were more likely to benefit from MBCT (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2014). Kuyken, who led the Lancet study, speculates that these patients may be more motivated and invested in the treatment.

Segal, Z. V., Bieling, T., Young, G., MacQueen, R., Cooke, L., Martin, R., Bloch and R. D. Levitan (2010). Antidepressant monotherapy vs sequential pharmacotherapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, or placebo, for relapse prophylaxis in recurrent depression.

Farb, N., Anderson, A., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., & Segal, Z.V. (2010). Mindfulness training alters neural response to sad mood provocation in a mixed clinical sample.

Farb, N., Segal, Z.V., Mayberg, H., Bean, J., McKeon, D., & Anderson, A. (2007). Mindfulness training reveals dissociable neural modes of self-reference. 

Teasdale, J.D., Moore, R.G., Hayhurst, H., Pope, M., Williams, S., & Segal, Z.V. (2002). Metacognitive awareness and prevention of relapse in depression: Empirical evidence.

माईंडफुलनेस प्रेग्नन्सी मे लाभदायी है

Woolhouse H, Mercuri K, Judd F, Brown SJ. Antenatal mindfulness intervention to reduce depression, anxiety and stress: a pilot randomised controlled trial of the MindBabyBody program in an Australian tertiary maternity hospital. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2014;14:369. doi: 10.1186/s12884-014-0369-z.

Vieten C, Astin J. Effects of a mindfulness-based intervention during pregnancy on prenatal stress and mood: results of a pilot study. Archives of Women's Mental Health. 2008;11(1):67–74. doi: 10.1007/s00737-008-0214-3.

Shahtaheri E, Hosseinian S, Ebrahimi M, Jalilabadi Z, Mirderikvand F. The impact of stress reduction program based on mindfulness and conscious yoga on depression, perceived stress and quality of life in pregnant women. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2016;32(5):2047–2050.

Muthukrishnan S, Jain R, Kohli S, Batra S. Effect of mindfulness meditation on perceived stress scores and autonomic function tests of pregnant Indian women. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2016;10(4):5–8.

Miklowitz D, Semple R, Hauser M, Elkun D, Weintraub M, Dimidjian S. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for perinatal women with depression or bipolar spectrum disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2015;39(5):590–600. doi: 10.1007/s10608-015-9681-9.

Marc L, Toureche N, Hodnett E, Blanchet C, Dodin S, Njoya M. Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women’s anxiety. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011;7:CD007559.

Hall H, Beattie J, Lau R, East C, Biro M. The effectiveness of mindfulness training on perinatal mental health; a systematic review. Women and Birth. 2015;29(1):62–71.

Guardino CM, Dunkel Schetter C, Bower JE, Lu MC, Smalley SL. Randomised controlled pilot trial of mindfulness training for stress reduction during pregnancy. Psychology & Health. 2014;29(3):334–349. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2013.852670.

CALM pregnancy: results of a pilot study of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for perinatal anxiety. Archives of Women's Mental Health. 2014;17(5):373–387. doi: 10.1007/s00737-013-0402-7

माईंडफुलनेस का अभ्यास शारीरीक बीमारियाँ मे लाभदायी है

Influence of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention on rates of skin clearing in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis undergoing phototherapy (UVB) and photochemotherapy (PUVA).

Fordham et al. 2014: The acceptability and usefulness of mindfulness‐based cognitive therapy for people living with psoriasis: a qualitative study.

Montgomery et al. 2016: The importance of mindfulness in psychosocial distress and quality of life in dermatology patients.

Hypertension Analysis of stress Reduction using Mindfulness meditatiON and Yoga (The HARMONY Study): study protocol of a randomised control trial American journal of hypertension 27.1 (2014)

Wolters Kluwer Health. "Mindfulness-based stress reduction helps lower blood pressure, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 October 2013.

Schneider, Robert H., et al. "Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension." The American journal of cardiology 95.9 (2005): 1060-1064.

Associations of Mindfulness with Glucose Regulation and Diabetes Eric B. Loucks, PhD, Assistant Professor, Stephen E. Gilman, ScD, Investigator and Branch Chief, Willoughby B. Britton, PhD, Assistant Professor, Roee Gutman, PhD, Assistant Professor, Charles B. Eaton, MD, MS, Professor, and Stephen L. Buka, ScD, Professor Dispositional mindfulness may be associated with better glucose regulation, in part because of a lower likelihood of obesity and greater sense of control among participants with higher levels of mindfulness. 

Brod M, Kongso JH, Lessard S, Christensen TL. Psychological insulin resistance: patient beliefs and implications for diabetes management. Qual Life Res. 2009;18:23–32.

Lloyd CE, Dyer PH, Lancashire RJ, Harris T, Daniels JE, Barnett AH. Association between stress and glycemic control in adults with type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes.

Kabat-Zinn J, Lipworth L, Burney R, Sellers W. Four year follow-up of a meditation program for the regulation of chronic pain. Clin J Pain. 1986;2:159–173.

Kabat-Zinn J. An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1982;4:33–47

Pradhan EK, Baumgarten M, Langenberg P, Handwerger B, Gilpin AK, Magyari T, Berman BM. Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritis Rheum. 2007;57:1134–1142

Grossman P, Tiefenthaler-Gilmer U, Raysz A, Kesper U. Mindfulness training as an intervention for fibromyalgia: evidence of postintervention and 3-year follow-up benefits in well-being. Psychother Psychosom. 2007;76:226–233. 

Sephton SE, Salmon P, Weissbecker I, Ulmer C, Gloyd A, Hoover K, Studts JL. Mindfulness meditation alleviates depressive symptoms in women with fibromyalgia: results of a randomized clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum. 2007;57:77–85.

Lush E, Salmon P, Floyd A, Studts JL, Weissbecker I, Sephton SE. Mindfulness meditation for symptom reduction in fibromyalgia: psychophysiological correlates. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2009;16:200–207.

Carlson LE, Ursuliak Z, Goodey E, Angen M, Speca M. The effects of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: 6-month follow-up. Support Care Cancer. 2001;9:112–123.

Carlson LE, Speca M, Patel KD, Goodey E. Mindfulness-based stress reduction inrelation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress and levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and melatonin in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004;29:448–474.

Carlson LE, Speca M, Patel KD, Goodey E. Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med. 2003;65:571–581.

Carlson LE, Speca M, Faris P, Patel KD. One year pre-post intervention follow-up of psychological, immune, endocrine and blood pressure outcomes of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Brain Behav Immun. 2007;21:1038–1049. 

Carlson LE, Garland SN. Impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)on sleep, mood, stress and fatigue symptoms in cancer outpatients. Int J Behav Med. 2005;12:278–285.

Speca M, Carlson LE, Goodey E, Angen M. A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation based stress reduction program on mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med. 2000;62:613–622.

Lengacher CA, Johnson-Mallard V, Post-White J, Moscoso MS, Jacobsen PB, Klein TW, Widen RH, Fitzgerald SG, Shelton MM, Barta M, Goodman M, Cox CE, Kip KE. Randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for survivors of breast cancer. Psychooncology. 2009 February 20; Electronically published ahead of print. DOI: 10.1002/pon.1529.

माईंडफुलनेस थेरपी व्यसनमुक्ती केलीये उपयोगी है

Witkiewitz K, Marlatt GA, Walker D. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for alcohol and substance use disorders. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2005;19(3):211–228.

Marcus MT, et al. Mindfulness-based stress reduction in therapeutic community treatment: A stage 1 trial. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Abuse. 2009;35(2):103–108.

Hsu SH, Grow J, Marlatt GA. Mindfulness and addiction. In: Galanter M, Kaskutas LA, editors. Recent Developments in Alcoholism. Vol. 18. 2008. pp. 229–250.

 Liehr, et al. Linguistic analysis to assess the effect of a mindfulness intervention on self-change for adults in substance use recovery. Substance Abuse. (in press)

Britton, et al. The contribution of mindfulness practice to a multicomponent behavioral sleep intervention following substance abuse treatment in adolescents: A treatment-development study. Substance Abuse. (in press)

Smout, et al. Psychosocial treatment for methamphetamine use disorders: A preliminary randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. Substance Abuse.(in press)

ieten, et al. Development of an acceptance-based coping intervention for alcohol dependence relapse prevention. Substance Abuse. (in press)

माईंडफुलनेस किशोरावस्था मे लाभदायी है

Semple, R. J., Lee, J., Rosa, D., & Miller, L. F. (2010). A randomized trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children: promoting mindful attention to enhance social-emotional resiliency in children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 218–229.

Zenner, C., Herrnleben-Kurz, S., & Walach, H. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions in schools—a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 5.

Raes, F., Griffith, J. W., Van der Gucht, K., & Williams, J. M. G. (2014). School-­based prevention and reduction of depression in adolescents: A cluster-­randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness group program. Mindfulness, 5(5), 477–486.

Mindfulness training for adolescents: A neurodevelopmental perspective on investigating modifications in attention and emotion regulation using event-related brain potentials Kevanne Louise Sanger and Dusana Dorjee

Bostanov V, Keune PM, Kotchoubey B, Hautzinger M. Event-related brain potentials reflect increased concentration ability after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A randomized clinical trial. Psychiatry Research. 2012;199:174–180.

Broderick PC. Learning to breathe: A mindfulness curriculum for adolescents to cultivate emotion regulation, attention, and performance. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger; 2013.

Burke CA. Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: A preliminary review of current research in an emergent field. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2010;19:133–144.

Chambers R, Lo BCY, Allen NB. The impact of intensive mindfulness training on attentional control, cognitive style, and affect. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2008;32:303–322.

Chiesa A, Calati R, Serretti A. Does mindfulness training improve cognitive abilities? A systematic review of neuropsychological findings. Clinical Psychology Review. 2011;31:449–464.

Oberle E, Schonert-Reichl KA, Lawlor MS, Thomson KC. Mindfulness and inhibitory control in early adolescence. Journal of Early Adolescence. 2012;32:565–588.

माईंडफुलनेस का परिणाम दिमाग पर दिखाई देता हैंयी है

In 2011, Sara Lazar and her team at Harvard found that mindfulness meditation can actually change the structure of the brain: Eight weeks of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) was found to increase cortical thickness in the hippocampus, which governs learning and memory, and in certain areas of the brain that play roles in emotion regulation and self-referential processing. There were also decreases in brain cell volume in the amygdala, which is responsible for fear, anxiety, and stress

हॉवर्ड मे हुये इस संशोधन मे साबित हुआ की माईंडफुलनेस के अभ्यास से स्मृती और भावनात्मक नियमन की केंद्र मे नये कोशिका तैयार होती है और प्रतिक्रिया करनेवाला अमाय्ग्डला सिकुड जाता है.

 Research has also shown that mindfulness meditation, in contrast to attending to the breath only, can reduce anxiety – and that these changes seem to be mediated through the brain regions associated with those self-referential (“me-centered”) thoughts. Mindfulness meditation has also been shown to help people with social anxiety disorder: a Stanford University team found that MBSR brought about changes in brain regions involved in attention, as well as relief from symptoms of social anxiety.

मैं और मेरा यह विचार आनेसे क्रियाशील रहनेवाला मस्तिष्क का हिस्सा माईंडफुलनेस से शांत होता है और उससे चिंता कम होती है oxford

One of the most interesting studies in the last few years, carried out at Yale University, found that mindfulness meditation decreases activity in the default mode network (DMN), the brain network responsible for mind-wandering and self-referential thoughts – a.k.a., “monkey mind.” The DMN is “on” or active when we’re not thinking about anything in particular, when our minds are just wandering from thought to thought.

A  study from UCLA found that long-term meditators had better-preserved brains than non-meditators as they aged. Participants who’d been meditating for an average of 20 years had more grey matter volume throughout the brain

After only four weeks of meditation changes in white matter – which is strongly involved in interconnecting brain areas were present in those participants who meditated but not in the control participants who engaged in relaxation exercises. Interestingly, these changes involved the anterior cingulate cortex, a part of the brain that contributes to self-regulation, an important aspect when people start engaging with meditation practice.

Tang, Y. Y., Lu, Q., Fan, M., Yang, Y., & Posner, M. I. (2012). Mechanisms of white matter changes induced by meditation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,